is a health profession in which music is used as a therapy to address physical, emotional, and social needs of individuals. After determining and identifying the needs of each client, the qualified music therapist provides the required treatment including creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music. Effects of music therapy can be seen in many areas: overall physical rehabilitation and facilitating movement, increasing people's motivation to become engaged in their treatment, providing emotional support for clients and their families, and providing an outlet for expression of feelings.
History of Music Therapy
Music therapy has been used for centuries and has been shown to affect many areas of the brain, including the human emotion, cognition, sensation, and movement. This fact, make the music beneficial in decreasing depression, headache etc.
HOW MUSIC WORKS AS THERAPY?
So here are my top brain-based reasons why music works as therapy:
1. Human bodies entrain to the rhythm. When you walk on the road, humming a song in your head, and noticed that you’re walking to the beat? That’s called entrainment and music therapy. It shows how our body reacts to the rhythm. Our muscles move to the rhythm without our having to think about it or “try.” It’s how we dance to music, tap our foot to a rhythm, and walk in time to a beat. This is also why music therapists can help a person who’s had a stroke re-learning how to walk and develop strength and endurance in their upper bodies.
2. Our whole body responses to music. Every time when your breathing quickens, your heart-rate increases, or you feel a shiver down your spine, that’s how our body responding physiologically to music. Music therapists can use this for the treatment of a person in a coma or use music to effectively help someone relax.
3. Children (even infants) respond readily to music. Children learn through music, art, and play, so it’s important (even necessary) to use those mediums when working with children in therapy.
4. Music taps into our emotions. Have you ever listened to a piece of music and smiled? Or felt sad? When we hear lyrics of music we relate it with our life. Many people use this in a “therapeutic” way, listening to certain music that makes them feel a certain way or feel happy.
5. Music enhances learning. Do you remember how you learned your ABCs? Through a song! The inherent structure and emotional pull of music make it an easy tool for teaching concepts, ideas, and information.
6. Music is a social experience. Our ancestors shared their emotions through the song, stories, and dance. Even today, many of our music experiences are shared with a group, whether playing in a band or an elementary music class, listening to jazz at a restaurant, or singing in church choir. Music makes it easy for music therapists to structure and facilitate a group process.
7. Music is non-invasive, safe and motivating. We can’t forget that most people really enjoy music. This is not the most important reason why music works in therapy, but it’s the icing on the cake.
BENEFITS OF MUSIC THERAPY
1. REDUCE DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY
Music helps a person to get rid of depression and makes a person happy. It tends to make the brain forget the worries and experience something new. People can then express themselves freely. And in the end, they are in a better position to see the world from a more positive side.
2. MUSIC IMPROVES COMMUNICATION
In a music therapy session, a person is sometimes required to sing. This requires the person to know the words well. Singing will demand that they say the words appropriately and in time. This can then be used in real life. People with disabilities who wouldn’t previously talk properly have learned to talk music therapy.
3. MUSIC DEALS WITH PAIN
Studies have shown that music therapy can help people with cancers deal with the pain. It is from one study that was done on children suffering from the disease. When a person listens music he forgets his pain either this pain is due to any disease or injury or due to any emotional reason.
4. REDUCE FEAR
We all have fears. Some fear of losing a job, others about losing a loved one who is sick and much more. But music can help anyone cope with these kinds of fears. Music takes our minds on a journey that can change the way we think.
If you want to reduce any of the fear or want to get rid from the pain then play or listen to pleasant music. If you want to learn music then you can join AIPA institute where you get the chance to learn music under the guidance of professional music teachers. For more information about AIPA you can visit at- http://www.aipamusic.com